Part 3: A Code For Every Living (Al-Adab al-Mufrad) by Imam Al-Bukhari

Topics
I. Parents
II. Ties of Kinship
III. Mawlas
IV. Looking After Girls
V. Looking After Children
VI. Neighbours
VII. Generosity and Orphans
VIII. Children Dying
IX. Being a Master
X. Responsibility
XI. Correctness
XII. Dealing with people cheerfully
XIII. Consulation
XIV. Dealings with people and good character
XV. Cursing and Defamation
XVI. Praising People
XVII. Visiting and Guests
XVIII. The Elderly
XIX. Children
XX. Mercy
XXI. Social Behaviour
XXII. Separation
XXII. Advice
XXIII. Defamation
XXIV. Extravagance in Building
XXV. Compassion
XXVI. Attending to this world
XXVII. Injustice
XXVIII. Illness and Visiting those who are ill
XXIX. General Behaviour
XXX. Supplication
XXXI. Guests and Spending
XXXII. Speech
XXXIII. Names
XXXIV. Kunyas
XXXV. Poetry
XXXVI. Words
XXXVII. General Behaviour
XXXVIII. Omens
XXXIX. Sneezing and Yawning
XD. Gestures
XDI. Greeting
XDII. Asking Permission to Enter
XDIII. People of the Book
XDIV. Letters and greetings
XDIV. Gatherings
XDV. Behaviour with people
XDVI. Sitting and lying down
XDVII. Mornings and evenings
XDVIII. Sleeping and going to bed
XDIX. Animals
D. Midday Naps
DI. Circumcision
DII. Betting and similar pastimes
DIII. Various
DIV. Aspects of Behaviour
DV. Anger

XXVIII. Illness and visiting those who are ill

 

226. The expiation of someone who is ill

491. Ghatif ibn al-Harith said that a man came to Abu ‘Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah while he was in pain and asked, “What is the reward of the amir?” Abu ‘Ubayda said, “Do you know that for which you will be rewarded?” The man replied, “We will be rewarded for things which happen to us which we dislike.”

Abu ‘Ubayda said, “Rather you will be rewarded for what you spend in the Cause of Allah and what is spent on you. Then there is a reckoning for all parts of the saddle, even the horse’s bridle. Allah will remove your errors from you for the sake of this fatigue which has afflicted your bodies.”

492. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A Muslim does not encounter fatigue, tiredness, concern, sorrow, injury or grief, or even a thorn which pricks him without Allah expiating his errors for him by that.”

493. ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Sa’id reported that his father said, “I was with Salman when he visited a sick person in Kinda. When he went in, he said, ‘Good news! Allah makes the illness of the believer an expiation for him and a restoration, whereas the illness of the corrupt person is like a camel whose people hobble it and the let it go. It doe sot know why it was hobbled or released.'”

494. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Affliction will continue to trouble the believers, men and women, in their bodies, their families, and their property until they meet Allah Almighty purified of every wrong action.”

Another transmission adds, “and in their children.”

495. Abu Hurayra said, “A bedouin came and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, ‘Has Umm Mildam (fever) got hold of you?’ ‘What is Umm Mildam?’ he asked. He said, ‘The heat between the skin and the flesh.’ The bedouin said, ‘No.’ He asked, ‘Have you got a headache?’

‘What is headache?’ the man asked. He replied, ‘A wind which appears in the head and beats the veins.’

‘No,’ he said, When he stood up, he said, ‘Whoever wants to look at a man who is one of the people of the Fire,’ i.e. ‘let them look at that man.'”

 

229. Is it a complaint when a sick person says, “I am in pain”?

509. Hisham reported that his father (‘Urwa ibn az-Zubayr) said, “‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr and I went to visit Asma’ ten nights before ‘Abdullah was killed. Asma’ was in pain and ‘Abdullah asked her, ‘How are you feeling?’

‘In pain,’ she replied. He said, ‘I am near death.’ She said, ‘Perhaps you desire my death and that is the reason you desire it? Do not do that. By Allah, I do not want to die until I reach one of the two ends: either you will be killed and I will leave you to Allah or you will win and I will be content. Beware of having your portion presented to you and then you do not agree with it. Accept it, even though you dislike death.”

Ibn az-Zubayr meant that he would be killed and that would grieve her.

510. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that he came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he had a fever. He had a covering over him. He placed his hand on him and discovered that it was hot above the covering. Abu Sa’id exclaimed, ‘How hot your fever is, Messenger of Allah!’ He said, ‘We are like that. The affliction is hard on us, but the reward is doubled for us.’ He said, ‘Messenger of Allah, which people have the greatest affliction?’ He replied, ‘The Prophets, and then the righteous. One of them was tested by poverty to such an extent that he could only find a robe to cover himself with and he wore it. Another was tested by fleas until they killed him. They have greater joy in affliction than one of you has in gifts.”

 

230. Visiting someone who has fainted

511. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “I was ill, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came with Abu Bakr to visit me. They came on foot. They found that I had fainted, so the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did wudu’ and then poured his wudu’ water on me. I came to and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was there. I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, what should I do with my property? Give me a judgement regarding my property.’ He did not give me any answer until the ayat of inheritance was revealed.”

 

231. Visiting children who are ill

512. Usama ibn Zayd reported that a child of one of the daughters of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was very ill. His mother sent word to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to say that her child was dying. He told the messenger, “Go and tell her that to Allah belongs what He takes and what He gives. Everything is with Him until a stated term. She should be patient and leave him to Allah.”

The messenger went back and told her. She sent to him again to plead with him to come. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up with a group of his Companions, including Sa’d ibn ‘Ubada. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took the child and put him on his breast. The child was shaking like a leaf against his chest. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wept and Sa’d said, “Do you weep, Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “I weep out of compassion for the child. Allah only shows mercy to those of His slaves who are merciful.”

 

232. Chapter

513. Ibrahim ibn Abi ‘Abla said, “My wife was ill and I used to go to Umm ad-Darda’. She asked me, ‘How’s your family?’ ‘Ill,’ I replied. She called for some food for me and I ate. Then I went back and she did the same thing again. I visited her yet again and she asked, ‘How are they?’ ‘They are  almost well,’ I replied. She said, ‘I called for good for you when you told me that your family were ill. Since they are almost well know, we will not call for anything for you.'”

 

233. Visiting Bedouins

514. Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to visit a bedouin when he was ill and said, “Do not worry. It is a purification if Allah so wills.” He said that the bedouin said, “It is a fever which boils in an old man and will cause him to visit th graves.” “It is a blessing then,” he concluded.

 

234. Visiting the sick

515. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, “Which of you is fasting today?” Abu Bakr said, “I am.” He asked, “Which of you has visited a sick person today? “I have,” Abu Bakr stated. Then he asked, “Who has attended a funeral today?” “I have,” Abu Bakr said. He asked, “Who has fed a poor person today?” Abu Bakr said, “I have.”

Marwan, the transmitter, said, “I heard that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, observed, “These qualities are not brought together in one man on a single day but that he will enter the Garden.”

516. Jabir said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited Umm as-Sa’ib while she was sighing. He asked, ‘What is wrong with you?’ ‘The fever,’ she replied, “May Allah debase it!’

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Gently! Do not curse it. It removes the errors of the believer as the bellows remove the dross of iron.'”

517. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah says: ‘I asked you for food and you did not feed Me. He (His slave) will say, ‘Lord, how could I feed You when You did not ask me for food and You are the Lord of the universe?’ He will say, ‘Do you not know that My slave so-and-so asked you for food and you did not feed him? Do you not know that if you had fed him, you would have found that action with Me? Son of Adam, I asked you for water and you did not give Me water.’

The slave will reply, ‘O Lord, how could I give you water when You are the Lord of the universe?’ He will say, ‘My slave so-and-so asked you for water and you did not give him water. Do you not know that if you had given him water, you would have found that action with Me? Son of Adam, I was ill and you did not visit Me.’ He will say, ‘O Lord, how could I visit You when You are the Lord of the universe?’ He will say, ‘Do you not know that My slave so-and-so was ill. If you had visited him you would have found that action with Me (or you would have found Me with him).”

518. Sa’id reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Visit the sick. Follow funeral processions. Remind yourselves of the Next World.”

519. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are three things which are all a duty for every Muslim: to visit the sick, to attend funerals, and to say, ‘may Allah have mercy on you’ when someone sneezes if he praises Allah Almighty.”

 

235. Someone who visits a sick person making supplication that he will get well

520. Three of the Banu Sa’d related from their father that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited Sa’d (ibn AbiWaqqas) in Makka and Sa’d wept. He asked, “Why are your weeping?” Sa’d replied, “I fear that I will die in the land from which I have emigrated as Sa’d (ibn Khawla) died.” The Prophet said, “O Allah, heal Sa’d!” three times. Sa’d said, “I have a lot of property which my daughter will inherit. Shall I will all of it away?” “No,” he replied. Sa’d asked, “Two thirds?”

“No,” he replied. “A half then?” Sa’d asked. “No,” he answered. Sa’d asked, “A third?” “A third,” he said, “but a third is a lot. What you give as sadaqa from your property is sadaqa. What you spend on your family is sadaqa. What your wife eats of your food is sadaqa for you. It is better for you to leave your family in a state of plenty (or he said “livelihood”) than to leave them where they have to importune people.”

 

236. The excellence of visiting someone who is ill

521. Abu Qilaba reported from Abu’l-Ash’ath as-San’ani that Abu Asma’ said, “Whoever visits his brother is in a tent of the Garden.” I (the transmitter) asked Abu Qilaba, “What is the tent of the Garden?” “Its fruits,” he replied. I said to Abu Qilaba, “From whom did Asma’ transmit?” “From Thawban from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,” he replied.

 

237. The hadith about the person who is ill and the person who visits him

522. Abu Bakr ibn Juz’ and Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir were some people from the mosque who visited ‘Umar ibn al-Hakam ibn Rafi’ al-Ansari. They said, “Abu Hafs! Relate to us!” He said, “I heard ‘Abdullah say that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “When someone visits a sick person, he dives into mercy to such an extent that when he sits with him, he settles in it.”

 

238. Someone who prays in the presence of a sick person

523. ‘Ata’ said, “Ibn ‘Umar visited Ibn Safwan and the time came for the prayer. So Ibn ‘Umar prayed two rak’ats with them and then observed, ‘I am travelling.'”

 

239. Visiting a mushrik

524. Anas reported that a Jewish boy used to serve the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The boy became ill and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to visit him. He sat by his head and said, “Become a Muslim.” The boy looked at his father who was also sitting by his head. His father said to him, “Obey Abu’l-Qasim (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).” So the boy became a Muslim. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left saying, “Praise be to Allah who has saved him from the Fire!”

 

240.What to say to someone who is ill

525. ‘A’isha said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Madina, Abu Bakr and Bilal came down with a fever. I visited them and asked, ‘Father, how are you? Bilal, how are you?’ When Abu Bakr’s fever worsened, he said: ‘Every man is struck down among his people in the morning, when death is closer than the strap of his sandal.’

“When the fever left Bilal, he raised his voice: ‘And whether one day I will go the waters of Majinna! Will the mountains of Shama and Tafil appear to me?'”

‘A’isha continued, “I then went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him what they had said. He said, ‘O Allah! Make us love Madina as we love Makka or even more! Make it healthy. Bless us in its sa’ and its mudd. Take its fever away and put it in al-Juhfa.'”

526. Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to visit a bedouin who was ill. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited someone who was ill, he would say, ‘There is no harm in it. It is a purification, Allah willing.” That man then said, “A purification! No, rather it is a fever which boils (or appears) in an old man and will cause him to visit the graces.” The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “All right then.”

527. Nafi’ reported that when Ibn ‘Umar visited someone who was ill, he would ask him how he was. When he left him, he would say, “May Allah choose what is best for you.” He did not say more than that.

 

241.What the sick person answers

528. ‘Amr ibn Sa’id said, “Al-Hajjaj visited Ibn ‘Umar while I was with him, He asked, ‘How are you?’ ‘Sound,’ he replied. He asked, ‘What is wrong with you?’ He replied, “I have been afflicted by the business of carrying arms on a day when it is not lawful to carry them.’ He was referring to al-Hajjaj.*”

* That was when al-Hajjaj was laying siege to ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr in the Haram.”

 

242. Visiting someone who is a deviant (fasiq)

529. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said, “Do not visit wine-drinkers when they are ill.”

 

243.Women visiting a man who is ill

530. Al-Harith ibn ‘Abdullah al-Ansari said, “I saw Umm ad-Darda’ going to visit an Ansari man from the mosque and she was on her mount in an uncovered howdah.”

 

244. Someone who dislikes for visitors to look at other things in his house

531. ‘Abdullah ibn Abi’l-Hudhayl said, “‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud went to visit a sick person with some other people. There was a woman in the room and one of the men began to look at her, ‘Abdullah said to him, ‘It would have been better for you if your eyes had been gouged out.'”

 

245. Visiting someone with eye trouble

532. Zayd ibn Arqam said, “I had a pain in my eyes and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me and said, ‘Zayd, if tour eyes were to go blind because of their illness, what would you do?’ He said, ‘I would be steadfast and reckon my reward to be with Allah.’ He said, ‘If that happens to your eyes and you are steadfast and reckon your reward to be with Allah, then your reward will be the Garden.'”

533. Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad reported that one of the Companions of Muhammad lost his eyesight and people visited him. He said, “I used to look at the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but now that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has died, by Allah, what has happened to my eyes is as easy for me to bear as one of the gazelles of Tibala (in Yemen).”

534. Anas said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say that Allah Almighty said, ‘When I test him in his two precious ones (i.e. his eyes) and he is steadfast, I will repay him with the Garden.'”

535. Abu Umama reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah says, ‘O son of Adam, when I take what is precious from you and you are steadfast in the face of the blow and reckon that your reward is with Allah, the only reward which I am content for you to have is the Garden.”

 

246.Where does should a person sit when he visits a sick person?

536. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited a sick person, he would sit by his head and then say seven times, ‘I ask Allah the Immense, the Lord of the Immense Throne, to cure you.’ If the time of the invalid had not yet come, he would be cured of his pain.”

537. Ar-Rabi’ ibn al-Hasan said, “I went with al-Hasan to visit Qatada. He sat by his head and asked after him and made supplication for him. He said, ‘O Allah, heal his heart and cure him of his illness!”

 

XXIX.General Behaviour

 

247.What a man does in his house

538. Al-Aswad said, “I asked ‘A’isha, may Allah be pleased with her, ‘What did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do when he was with his family?’ She replied, ‘He would do chores for his family, and when it was time for the prayer, he would go out.'”

539. Hisham ibn ‘Urwa said that his father said, “I asked ‘A’isha, may Allah be pleased with her, ‘What did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do in his house?’ She replied, ‘He mended his sandals and worked as any man works in his house.'”

540. Hisham said, “I asked ‘A’isha, ‘What did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do in his house?’ She replied, ‘He did what one of you would do in his house. He mended sandals and patched garments and sewed.”

541. ‘Amra reported that ‘A’isha was asked, “What did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do in his house?” She replied, “He was a man like other men. He removed the fleas from his garment and milked his sheep.”

 

248.When a man has love for his brother he should tell him

542. Al-Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When one of you has love for his brother, he should inform him that he loves him.”

543. Mujahid said, “One of the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, met me and took hold of my shoulder from behind. He said, ‘I love you,’ and he went on to say, ‘The One for whose sake I love you loves you.’ He continued, ‘If it had not been that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When a man has love for another man, he should tell him that he loves him,” I would not have told you.'”

544. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When two men have love for one another, the better of them is the one who has the strongest love for his companion.”

 

249.When someone has love for a person, he should not quarrel with him not ask about him

545. Mu’adh ibn Jabal said, “When you have love for your brother, do not quarrel with him or treat him badly nor ask questions about him, It may be that an enemy of his will appear and say something about him which is not true and will thereby cause a split between you.”

546. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who has love for his brother in Allah and for Allah should say, ‘I love you for Allah,’ and they will both enter the Garden. The one who has love for someone in Allah has a degree over the one he loves because of his love.”

 

250. The intellect is located in the heart

547. ‘Iyad ibn Khalifa heard ‘Ali say at Siffin, “The intellect is located in the heart. Mercy is located in the liver, Compassion is located in the spleen. The self (nafs) is located in the lungs.”

 

251. Pride

548. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said, “We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when a bedouin man wearing a robe with a border approached him until he stood before the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, ‘Your companion has debased every horseman and elevates every shepherd.’ The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took hold of the folds of his robe and said, ‘I see that you are wearing the clothes of someone who is without intelligence.’ Then he went on, ‘When the Prophet Nuh, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he told his son, “I will give you some instructions. I command you to things and I forbid you two things. I command you to say, ‘There is no god but Allah.’ If the seven heavens and the seven earths were a dark ring, they would be cut by ‘There is no god but Allah’ and ‘Glory be to Allah and by His praise.’ It is the prayer of every thing and by it everything has its provision. And I forbid you to associate others with and Allah and to be proud.’ “I asked (or “it was asked”), ‘Messenger of Allah, we know about shirk (associating others with Allah), but what is pride? Is it that one of us has a robe which he wears?’ The Prophet replied, ‘No.’ ‘Is it that one of us has a pair of fine sandals with two good straps?’ I asked. ‘No,’ he replied. ‘Is it that one of us has an animal which he rides?’ I asked. ‘No,’ he replied. ‘Is it that one of us has companions who come and sit with him?’ I asked. ‘No,’ he replied. I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, so what is pride then?’ He replied, “It is ignoring the truth and being ungrateful to people.'”

549. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone behaves insolently or walks with an arrogant, he will meet Allah Almighty covered with His anger.”

550. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Someone who eats with his servant, rides a donkey in the markets, and ties up his sheep and milks it is not proud.”

551. Salih, the garment-seller, reported that his grandmother said, “I saw ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, buy fates for a dirham and put them in his blanket. I said to him (or a man said to him), ‘I will carry it for you, Amir al-Mu’minin.’ He said, ‘No, the father of the family is the one who is the most entitled to carry it.'”

552. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that Allah Almighty said, “Might is My wrapper and pride is My cloak. I will punish anyone who contends with Me over either of them.”

553. An-Nu’man ibn Bashir was heard to say on the minbar, “Shaytan has snares and traps. The snares and traps of Shaytan are to exult ungratefully in the blessings of Allah, to boast about the gifts of Allah, to have pride at the expense of the slaves of Allah, and to follow passion for other than the sake of Allah.”

554. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The Garden and the Fire quarrelled and the Fire said, ‘The tyrants will enter me and the proud will enter me.’ The Garden retorted, ‘The weak will enter me and the poor will enter me.’ Allah Almighty said to the Garden, ‘You are My mercy and I show you to whomever I will.’ Then He said to the Fire, ‘You are My punishment with which I will punish whomever I will. Each of you will have your fill.'”

555. Abu Salama ibn ‘Abdu’r-Rahman said, “The Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, were neither niggardly nor weak (in worship). They used to recite poems to one another in their gatherings and they mentioned matters of the Jahiliyya. But when one of them was asked about something concerning Allah, his eyes went around as if he were mad.”

556. Abu Hurayra reported that a man who was handsome came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, “I love beauty and I have been given what you see so I do not want anyone to be superior to me (and he either said ‘by the strap of a sandal’ or ‘by a red sandal-thong’). Is that pride?” “No,” he replied. “Pride is when someone disdains the truth and is contemptuous of people.”

557. ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb reported via his father that his grandfather related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “On the Day of Rising, the proud will be gathered like specks in the form of men. Abasement will envelop them on every side. They will be driven to a prison in Jahannam called Bulas. The hottest of fires will rise over them. They will have to drink the pus of the people of the Fire, the foul fluid that their skins excrete.”

 

252. Someone who takes revenge for injustice

558. ‘A’isha reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Go ahead, take revenge.”

[It is clear that this is part of the next hadith, but with a different wording.]

559. ‘A’isha reported that the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Fatima to the Prophet and she asked for permission to enter while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was with ‘A’isha, may Allah be pleased with her, who was wearing a wool dress. He gave her permission to enter and she came in. She said, “Your wives have sent me to ask you for justice regarding the daughter of Abu Quhafa (i.e. ‘A’isha).” He said, “Daughter, do you love what I love?” “Yes,” she replied. He said, “Then love this woman.”

She got up and left and told them. The wives said, “You have not helped us at all. Go back to him.” She said, “By Allah, I will never speak to him about her again!”

‘A’isha said, “So they sent Zaynab, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and she asked for permission to go in and he gave her permission. She said the same thing to him, and then Zaynab began to disparage and revile me, so I looked to see whether the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would give me permission. I waited until I saw that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was not averse to me taking my revenge. I attacked Zaynab and I did not hesitate to inflict a severe defeat on her. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, smiled and said, ‘You are indeed the daughter of Abu Bakr.'”

 

253. Mutual help in scarcity and famine

560. Abu Hurayra said, “There will be a famine at the end of time and whoever encounters it will not be just to those with hungry stomachs.”

561. Abu Hurayra reported that the Ansar said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “Divide the palm trees between us and our brothers.” “No,” he replied. He said, “Spare us the trouble of their upkeep and we will let you share in the fruit.” They replied, “We hear and obey.”

562. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar reported that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab spoke in the Year of the Drought*, which was a severe, disastrous year, after ‘Umar had done his best to help the Bedouins with camels, wheat and oil from the fields to the point where all the fields were dried up as a result of those efforts. he stood up to make supplication, saying, “O Allah! Provide them at the tops of the mountains!” Allah answered that supplication for him and the Muslims. When abundant rain fell, he said, “Praise belongs to Allah! By Allah, if Allah had not given us relief, I would not have left the people of any Muslim’s house with wealth without putting a like number of poor people with him. Two will not die with food which will support one person.”

[* 18 AH, a year in which many people and animals perished due to a long drought in which the earth became like ashes.]

563. Salama ibn al-Akwa’ reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “As for your sacrifices, none of you should have any of it left in his house after a period of three days.

When the following year came, they aid, ‘Messenger of Allah, should we do the same as we did last year?’ He said, ‘Eat and store up, That was a year in which we were in difficulty and I wanted you to help.”

 

254. Trials

564. Hisham ibn ‘Urwa reported that his father said, “I was sitting with Mu’awiya and he muttered to himself and then came to his senses. [This is when he was ill.] He said, ‘No one has forbearance without it being put to the test.’ He repeated that three times.”

565. Abu Sa’id said, “No one is forbearing unless he himself has made a mistake., No one is wise unless he himself has been tested.”

This is related from Abu Sa’id from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

 

255. Someone who feeds one of his brothers for Allah

566. ‘Ali said, “I prefer to have a group of my brothers join around a sa’ or two of food to going out to the market and setting a slave free.”

 

256. The Alliance of the Jahiliyya

567. ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn ‘Awf reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I was present with my uncles at the alliance of the clan of Muttalib. I would not wish to break it, even for red camels.”

 

257. Brotherhood

568. Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, formed a pact of brotherhood between Ibn Mas’ud and az-Zubayr.”

569. Anas ibn Malik said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, formed an alliance between Quraysh and the Ansar in my house in Madina.”

 

258. There is no alliance in Islam

570. ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb reported via his father that his grandfather, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat down on the steps of the Ka’ba in the year of Conquest* and praised and glorified Allah. Then he said, ‘Whoever is party to an alliance made in the Jahiliyya, Islam only increases its strength. There is no hijra after the Conquest.'”

[* The Conquest of Makka]

 

259. Someone seeking the blessing of the rain when it first begins to fall

571. Anas said, “Rain fell on us while we were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took of his garment so that the rain could fall on him. We said, ‘Why did you do that?’ He said, ‘Because it has newly come from its Lord.'”

 

260. Sheep are a blessing

572. Humayd ibn Malik ibn Khuthaym said, “I was sitting with Abu Hurayra on some land he owned at ‘Aqiq when some of the people of Madina came to him on their animals and dismounted. Abu Hurayra said, ‘Go to my mother and tell her, “Your son sends you greetings and asks you to give us something to eat.”‘”

Humayd went on, “She put three barley loaves, some oil and salt on a platter and I put it on my head and carried it to them. Abu Hurayra said, ‘Allah is greater and praise belongs to Allah who has given us our fill of this bread after our only food was the two black ones dates and water.’ The other people did not eat any of this food. When they left, he said, ‘Nephew, be goof to your sheep. Brush the dust off of them. Make their evening pasture good and pray near them, They are among the animals of the garden. By the One who has my soul in His hand, it has almost reached the point when a time will come in which it will be better for someone to have many sheep than to be in the house of Marwan.'”

573. ‘Ali reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “One sheep in a house is a blessing, two sheep are two blessings and more sheep are all blessings.:

 

261. Camels are a cause of pride in their owners

574. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The head (or summit) of disbelief lies towards the east and the pride and arrogance lie in people who possess horses and camels who are also coarse the bedouins. Tranquillity lies in people who possess sheep.”

575. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “I never cease to wonder at dogs and sheep. Such-and-such a number of sheep were slaughtered in the year and such-and-such a number were sacrificed for hajj. One bitch has a litter of such-and-such a number of puppies, and sheep have more than the dog.”

576. Abu Dhubyan related that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab asked him, “Abu Dhubyan, how large is your (soldier’s) stipend?” “2500,” he replied. He told him, “Abu Dhubyan, it was taken from agriculture and increased livestock before the lads of Quraysh were appointed over you. They do not consider the stipend to be income.”

577. ‘Abda ibn Hazn said, “The people of camels and the people of sheep vied with one another for glory. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Musa was sent, and he was a shepherd. Da’ud was sent, and he was a shepherd. I was sent, and I used to herd sheep for my people at Ajyad.'”

 

262. A man going back to live as a Bedouin

578. Abu Hurayra said, “There are seven major wrong actions. The first of them is to associate things with Allah, then killing someone, slandering chaste women, and going back to live as a Bedouin after having made hijra.”

 

263. Someone who lives in villages

579. Thawban said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told me, ‘Do not live the suburbs. The person who lives in the suburbs is like someone who lives in the graves.'”

The transmitter said that “kufur” or “suburbs” are the villages which are next to great cities.

 

264. Going out to water-courses

580. Shurayh said, “I asked ‘A’isha about going out to the desert. I said, ‘Did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, go out to the desert?’ ‘Yes,’ she replied, ‘Yes, he went out to those hillside streams.'”

581. ‘Amr ibn Wahb said, “I saw Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Usayd riding when he was in ihram. He placed his garment on his shoulder and he placed it on his thighs. I said, ‘What is this?’ He replied, ‘I saw ‘Abdullah act like this.'”

 

265. Someone who wants to conceal secrets and to sit with a group of people and recognise their qualities

582. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn ‘Abdu’l-Qari reported that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab and an Ansari man were sitting together when ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn ‘Abdu’l-Qari came and sat with them. ‘Umar said, “We do not want to stop our conversation.” ‘Abdu’r-Rahman said, “I will not sit with those people, Amir al-Mu’minin.” ‘Umar said, “Sit with so-and-so and so-and-so and do not stop our conversation.

Then he asked the Ansari, “Who do you think should be the khalif after me?” The Ansari counted off some men among the Muhajirun, but did not mentioned ‘Ali. ‘Umar asked, “What do they have against Abu’l-Hasan (i.e. ‘Ali)? By Allah, if he were in charge of them, he would be the best suited to set them on the Path of the Truth.”

 

266. Deliberation in Affairs

583. Al-Hasan related that a man died and left a son and a mawla. He appointed the mawla as his son’s guardian. This was not remiss and continued to look after the lad until he came of age an then he found him a wife. Then the boy said to him, “Equip me so that I can seek for knowledge.” He fitted him out. The boy then went to a man of knowledge and asked him to teach him. The man said, “Tell me when you want to leave and I will teach you.” The boy said, “I feel should leave, so instruct me.”

The scholar said, “Have taqwa of Allah. Have patience. Do not be hasty.” Al-Hasan remarked that this contains all good. He left and he could hardly forget these things for there were only three of them. When he reached his family, he dismounted. When he entered the house, there was a man sleeping apart from his wife who was asleep there. He exclaimed, “By Allah, what am I am waiting for with this man!”

He went back to his mount and wanted to pick up his sword, but then he repeated, “Have taqwa of Allah. Have patience. Do not be hasty.” So he went back until he was standing at the man’s head and then said, “I will not wait at all to deal with this man!” He went back to his mount and again wanted to take up his sword, but he again remembered the words. He went back again and while he was standing at the man’s head he woke up. When the man woke up, he ran to him, embraced him and kissed him. he asked him, “What happened to you after (you left) me?”

He replied, “By Allah, I received a lot of blessing. By Allah, after I left you, I reached the point where I spent the night going three times between my sword and your head, and it was the knowledge which I have obtained which kept me from killing you.”

 

267. Deliberation in Affairs

584. Ashajj ‘Abdu’l-Qays said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘You have two qualities which Allah loves.’ I asked, ‘What are they, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,?’ He said, ‘Forbearance and modesty.’ I asked, ‘Have I had them for a long time or are they new?’ He replied, ‘You have had them for a long time.’ I said, ‘Praise be to Allah who fashioned me with two qualities which Allah loves!'”

585 and 586. As 584.

587. Mazida al-‘Abdi said, “Ashajj came and took the hand of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and kissed it. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him, ‘You have two qualities which Allah and His Messenger love.’ He asked, ‘Was I born with them or are they characteristics which I have acquired?’ He said, ‘No, they are part of the natural character on which you were formed.’ Ashajj said, ‘Praise belongs to Allah who has created me with what Allah an His Messenger love!'”

 

268. Tyrannical Behaviour

588. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “If one mountain had acted tyrannically towards another mountain, the aggressor would have been pulverised.”

589. See hadith 554.

590. Fadala ibn ‘Ubayd reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Do not ask about three: a man who parts company with the community, rebels the ruler and dies while he is a still a rebel. Do not ask about him. Or a slave or slavegirl who runs away from his master. Or a woman whose husband is absent and who has sufficient provision and then displays her adornments to strangers and mixes freely. Do not ask about three: a man who contends with Allah regarding His cloak. His cloak is pride and His wrapper is His might. Also a man who doubts the command of Allah. and someone who despairs of Allah’s mercy.”

591. Bakkar ibn ‘Abdu’l-‘Aziz reported from his grandfather that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah will defer whatever wrong actions He wills until the Day of Rising except for tyrannical behaviour, disobeying parents or cutting off relatives. He will punish the one who commits those things in this world before he dies.”

592. Abu Hurayra said, “One of you looks at the mote in his brother’s eye while forgetting the stump in his own eye.”

593. Mu’awiya ibn Qurra said, “I was with Ma’qil al-Muzn when he removed something harmful from the road. Then I saw something and went over to it. He asked. ‘What made you do that, nephew?’ He replied, ‘I saw you do something, so I did it.’ He said, ‘Nephew, you have done well. I heard the

Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “Whoever removes something harmful from the road of the Muslims has a good deed written for him. Anyone who has his good deed accepted will enter the Garden.”‘”

 

269. Accepting gifts

594. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Give gifts and you will love one another.”

595. Anas said to his son, Thabit, “My son, exchange gifts, it will bring about love between you.”

 

270. Someone who does not accept a gift when there is hatred towards people

596. Abu Hurayra said, “A man from the Banu Fazara gave a camel tot he Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he gave him something in exchange for it. That angered the man and I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, state on the minbar, ‘One of you gives a gift and when I give him something in exchange he becomes angry. By Allah, after this year, I will never accept a gift from any Arab except for Quraysh, the Ansar, a Thaqifi or a Dawsi!'”

 

271. Modesty

597. Abu Mas’ud ‘Uqba reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Part of what people have learned from the words of prophethood is the statement: ‘If you do not feel ashamed, do whatever you like.”

598. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Faith consists of sixty (or seventy) branches. The best of them is ‘There is no god but Allah.’ The lowest of them is to remove harmful things from the road. Modesty is also a branch of faith.”

599. Abu Sa’id said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had more modesty than a virgin in her tent. When he disliked something, that could be seen in his face.”

600. Sa’id ibn al-‘As reported that ‘Uthman and ‘A’isha told him that Abu Bakr asked for permission to come in to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was lying of ‘A’isha’s bed, wearing ‘A’isha’s woollen shirt. He gave Abu Bakr permission to enter while he was like that. he gave him what he needed and then Abu Bakr left. Then ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, asked for permission to come in and he gave him permission to come in while he was like that.

He gave him what he needed and then ‘Umar left. ‘Uthman said, “Then I asked for permission to come in and he sat up and told ‘A’isha, ‘Take your garment.’ I told him what I needed and then I left.’ ‘A’isha asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, why did I see that you did not do for Abu Bakr and ‘Umar what you did for ‘Uthman?’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ”Uthman is a modest man and I feared that if I gave him permission to come in while I was in that state he would not tell me what he needed.'”

601. Anas ibn Malik reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Whenever there is modesty in a thing, it adorns it. Whenever there is outrage in a thing, it debases it.”

602. Salim reported from his father that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by a man who berating his brother about his modesty. He told him, “Let him be. Modesty is part of faith.”

Another variant has Ibn ‘Umar saying, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by a man who was berating his brother about his modesty to the point where he told him, ‘I will beat you!’ The Prophet said, ‘Let him be. Modesty is part of faith.'”

603. ‘A’isha said, “The Prophet was lying down in my room with his thigh uncovered when Abu Bakr asked for permission to enter. He gave him permission to enter, remaining as he was. Then ‘Umar asked for permission to come in and he gave him permission, remaining as he was. Then ‘Uthman asked for permission to enter and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat up and arranged his garment and then came in and spoke.

When he left, I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, Abu Bakr came in and you did not exert yourself nor concern yourself with him. Then ‘Umar came in and you did not exert yourself nor concern yourself with him. Then ‘Umar came in and you sat up and arranged your garment.’ He said, ‘Should I not be modest before a man before whom the angels are modest?'”

 

XXX. Supplication

 

272.What to say in the morning

604. Abu Hurayra said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would say in the morning, ‘We have reached the morning and the kingdom belongs to Allah and all praise belongs to has no partner. There is no god but Allah and to Him is the gathering.’ In the evening he would say, ‘We have reached the evening and the kingdom belongs to Allah and all praise belongs to Allah who has no partner. There is no god but Allah and to Him is the return.”

 

273. Someone who uses other supplications

605. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The noble son of the noble son of the noble son of the noble son was Yusuf son of Ya’qub son of Ishaq son of Ibrahim, the Khalil (close friend) of the Merciful, the blessed and Exalted.” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If I had remained in prison for as long as Yusuf remained in prison and then the man with the invitation had come to me, I would have accepted it. When the messenger came to him, he said, ‘Go back to your master and enquire of him what happened about the women who cut their hands.’ (12:50) Allah showed mercy to Lut when he sought refuge in a strong pillar when he said to his people, ‘If only I had the strength to combat you or could seek refuge in a some powerful support!’ (11:80) Allah did not send any Prophet after him but that he was one of the wealthy of his people.”

 

274. Sincere supplication

606. ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Yazid said, “Ar-Rabi’ used to go to ‘Alqama every Friday. When I was not there, they would send for me. Once he came when I was not there. ‘Alqama met me and told me, ‘Did you not see what ar-Rabi’ brought? He said, “Do you not see how frequently people make supplication and how rarely they are answered? That is because Allah Almighty only accepts the sincere supplication.”‘ I asked, ‘Didn’t ‘Abdullah say that?’ He asked, ‘What did he say?’ I said that ‘Abdullah said, ‘Allah does not listen to someone who wants other people to hear not someone who shows off nor who plays. He only listens to the one who makes a supplication firmly from his heart.’ He said, ‘Did he mention ‘Alqama?’ ‘Yes’ was the answer.”

 

275. Be firm in supplication, for Allah cannot be forced

607. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When one of you makes a supplication, he should not say, ‘If you wish.’ He should be firm in asking and he should have great hope. Allah does not think that anything that He gives is too great.'”

608. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When one of you makes a supplication, he should be firm in the supplication and not say, ‘O Allah, if you like, give to me.’ Allah cannot be forced against His will.”

 

276. Raising the hands in supplication

609. Abu Nu’aym, who is Wahb, said, “I saw Ibn ‘Umar and Ibn az-Zubayr making supplication, cupping their palms in front of their faces.”

610. ‘A’isha say that she saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, making supplication with his hands raised, saying, ‘I am a man, so do not punish me. If I harm any man of the believers or revile him, do not punish me for that.'”

611. Abu Hurayra said, “At-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr ad-Dawsi came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, Daws have rebelled and rejected, so ask Allah to curse them.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, faced the qibla and raised his hands and the people thought that he was going to curse them. He said, ‘O Allah, guide Daws and lead them!'”

612. Anas said, “No rain fell for a year and so one of the Muslims went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on Jumu’a (Friday). He said, ‘Messenger of Allah, there has been no rain and the ground is dry and people’s wealth has been destroyed.’ He raised his hand when there was not a cloud to be seen in the sky. He stretched out his arms until I could see the whiteness of his armpits and asked Allah for rain. As soon as we finished the prayer, (the rain was such that) the youth whose house was near was afraid to return to his family. It last past Friday, The following Friday, they said, ‘Messenger of Allah, the houses have fallen down and the paths are blocked.’ He smiled and observed how quickly the son of Adam becomes discontented. He said while making a gesture with his hand, ‘O Allah, around us and not on us.’ And the rain cleared away from Madina.”

613. ‘Ikrima heard ‘A’isha, may Allah be pleased with her, say that she say the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, raise his hands in supplication, saying, ‘O Allah, I am a mortal, so do not punish me. If I harm or revile a Muslim man, do not punish me for it!'”

614. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah reported that at-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “Do you want a fortress and a citadel? The fortress of Daws.” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, refused it because of what Allah had stored up for the Ansar. At-Tufayl made hijra and a man of his people made hijra with him.

The man fell ill and was in torment (or words to that effect) and he crawled over to a quiver, took out an arrow, sliced his veins and died. At-Tufayl saw him a dream and asked him, “What has been done to you?”

He replied, “I was forgiven because of my hijra to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.” He asked, “What happened to your hands?” He replied, “It was said, ‘We will not put right in you that part of your hands which you destroyed.'” He said that at-Tufayl related that tot he Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Prophet said, “O Allah, forgive his hands!” and he raised his hands when he said it.

615. Anas ibn Malik said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to seek refuge with Allah, saying, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with you from laziness. I seek refuge with You from cowardice. I seek refuge with you from senility. I seek refuge with You from miserliness.'”

616. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that Allah Almighty said, “I am according to My slave’s opinion of Me, and I am with him when He calls on Me.'”

 

277. The best way of asking for forgiveness

617. Shaddad ibn Aws reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The best way of asking forgiveness is ‘O Allah, You are my Lord. There is no god but You. You created me and I am Your slave. I follow Your covenant and promise as much as I can. I acknowledge Your blessing and I confess to my wrong actions, so forgive me. Only You can forgive wrong actions. I seek refuge with You from the evil of what I have done.’ If he says it in the evening and then dies, he will enter the Garden or he said that he will be one of the people of the Garden. If he says it in the morning and dies that day it is the same.”

618. Ibn ‘Umar said, “We used to say this a hundred times in the assembly of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘O Lord, forgive me and turn to me. You are the Ever-Turning, the Merciful.'”

619. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the Duha prayer and then said, ‘O Lord, forgive me and turn to me. You are the Ever-Turning, the Merciful’ a hundred times.”

620. See 617.

621. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Turn in repentance to Allah. I turn to Him a hundred times every day.”

622. Ka’b ibn ‘Ujra said, “Those who repeat the supplications which follow the prayers will not be disappointed. They are: ‘Glory be to Allah’; ‘Praise be to Allah’; and ‘There is no god but Allah’ a hundred times.”

 

278. The supplication for someone when he is absent

623. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The swiftest supplication to be answered is the supplication of someone for another person who is not present.”

624. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq was heard to say, “The supplication of a brother in Allah is answered.”

625. Safwan ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Safwan, who was married to the daughter of Abu’d-Darda’, said, “I visited them in Syria and found Umm ad-Darda’ in the house, but not Abu’d-Darda’. She asked, ‘Are you intending to go on hajj this year?’ ‘Yes,’ I replied. She said, ‘Make supplication to Allah and ask for good for us. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The supplication of a Muslim man for his absent brother is answered. At his head there is a guardian angel. Whenever he asks Allah to give his brother good, the angel says, ‘Amen, and may you have the same.'”‘ I met Abu’d-Darda’ in the market and he said something similar which was related from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.”

626. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported that a man said, “O Allah, forgive me and Muhammad alone!” The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “You have veiled it from many people.”

627. Ibn ‘Umar said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asking Allah to forgive him a hundred times in this assembly with the words, ‘O Allah, forgive me and turn to me and show mercy to me. You are the Ever-Turning, Merciful.'”

 

279. Chapter

628. Ibn ‘Umar said, “I make supplication in everything I do even that Allah will make the stride of my animal long so that I find ease in that.”

629. It is reported that ‘Umar used to make supplication with his words, “O Allah, let me die with the pious and do not leave me among the evil. Join me to the good.”

630. It is related that ‘Abdullah used to use these supplications a lot: ‘Our Lord, make peace between us and guide us on the path of Islam. Save us from the darkness (and bring us) to the light. Remove acts of deviance from us, both open and hidden. Bless us in our ears, our eyes, our hearts, our wives and our children. Turn to us. You are the Ever-Turning, Most Merciful. Make us thankful for Your blessing and make us among those who give praise for it and proclaim it. Perfect it for us.”

631. When Anas made supplication for his brother, he said, “May Allah bless him with the blessing of those who are pious. They are neither unjust nor corrupt. They stand at night in prayer and fast in the day.”

632. ‘Amr ibn al-Harith said, “My mother took me to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and stroked my head and prayed for provision to be given to me.”

633. Anas ibn Malik was told, “Your brothers have come to you from Basra (and that day he was at the zawiyya) wanting for you to make supplication to Allah for them.”

He said, “O Allah, forgive them and show mercy to them. Give them good in this world and good in the Next World and protect them from the punishment of the Fire.” They asked him to say more and he said repeated the same thing. He said, “If you are given this, you have been given the good of this world and the Next.”

634. Anas ibn Malik said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took a bough and shook it and not all the leaves fell off. Then he shook it again and not all the leaves fell off. Then he shook it a third time but not all the leaves fell off. He said, ‘Saying, “Glory be to Allah and praise be to Allah and there is no god but Allah” makes errors fall away as the leaves of a tree fall away.'”

635. Anas reported that a woman came to the Prophet, to complain to him of a need. He said, ‘Shall I show you something better than that? You should say, ‘There is no god but Allah’ 33 times when you go to sleep and say ‘Glory be to Allah’ 33 times and say ‘Praise be to Allah’ 34 times and then that hundred is better than his world and all that it contains.'”

636. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If someone says, ‘There is no god but Allah’ one hundred times, ‘Glory be to Allah’ one hundred times’ and ‘Allah is greater’ one hundred times, that is better than freeing ten slaves and slaughtering seven camels.”

637. A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, “Messenger of  Allah, what is the best supplication?” He answered, “Asking Allah for forgiveness and well-being in this world and the Next world.” Then he came to him the following day and asked, “Prophet of Allah, what is the best supplication?” He answered, “Asking Allah for forgiveness and well-being in this world and the Next world. When you are given well-being in this world and the Next, then you have achieved success.”

638. Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The words which Allah loves most are: ‘Glory be to Allah who has no partner. His is the Kingdomand praise is His and He has power over allthings. There is no power nor strength except by Allah. Glory be to Allah and by His praise.”

639. Umm Kulthum, the daughter of Abu Bakr, reported that ‘A’isha said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to me while I was praying when he needed something. I was taking a long time and he said, ”A’isha, you must make the comprehensive supplication.’ When I finished, I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, what is the comprehensive supplication?’ He said, ‘Say: “O Allah, I ask You for all good, both sooner and later, what I know of it and what I do not know. I seek refuge with You from all evil, both sooner and later, what I know of it and what I do not know. I ask You for the Garden an d whatever words or actions bring one near to it. I seek refuge with You from the Fire and whatever words or actions bring one near to it. I ask You by what Muhammad asked Youand I seek refuge from You by what Muhammad sought refuge from and whatever fate You have decreed for me, make its end right guidance.”‘”

 

280. The prayer on the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

640. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If any Muslim does not have anything to give as sadaqa, he should say in his supplication, ‘O Allah, bless Muhammad, Your slave and Your Messenger and bless the believers, both men and women, and the Muslims, both men and women.’ That will be sadaqa for him.”

641. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone says, ‘O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Shower blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You showered blessings on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Show mercy to Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You showed mercy to Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim,’ I will testify for him on the Day of Rising and I will intercede for him.”

642. Malik ibn Aws ibn al-Hadathan said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to open ground to answer a call of nature and did not find anyone to follow him. ‘Umar went out and followed him with a clay pot or wudu’ vessel. He found him prostrating in a river bed. He fell back and sat behind him until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, lifted his head.

He said, ‘You have done well, ‘Umar. When you found me prostrating, you went behind me. Jibril came to me and said, ‘If someone says the prayer on you once, Allah will pray ten times on him and raise him ten degrees.'”

643. Anas ibn Malik reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone says the prayer on me once, Allah prays on him ten times and removes ten errors from him.”

 

281. Someone who hears the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned in his presence and does not bless him

644. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went up the minbar. When he reached the first step, he said, “Amen”. When he ascended to the second step, he said, “Amen,” and when he stepped onto the third step, he said, “Amen.”

They said, “Messenger of Allah, we heard you say ‘Amen’ three times.” He said, “When I went up the first step, Jibril, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to me and said, ‘Wretched is the slave to whom Ramadan comes and when it passes from him is not forgiven.’ I said, ‘Amen.’ Then he said, ‘Wretched is the slave who has one or both of his parents alive and they do not let him enter the Garden.’ I said, ‘Amen.’ Then he said, ‘Wretched is a slave who does not bless you when you are mentioned in his presence,’ and I said, ‘Amen.'”

645. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone prays once on me, Allah will pray ten times on him.'”

646. Similar to 644 except it has “Shame on” rather than “Wretched isÉ”

647. Juwayriyya, the daughter of al-Harith ibn Abi Dirar, (whose name had been Barra but the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had renamed her Juwayriyya) reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had left her and he did not want to go back in while her name was Barra. Then he went back to her while it was late in the day and found that she was still sitting. “Are you still sitting?” he asked, “After I left you I uttered four phrases three times. If they were to be weighed against all your words, they would outweigh them. They are: ‘Glory be to Allah and by His praise in number as great as His creation and in accordance with His own pleasure and the weight of His Throne and the extent of His words.'”

648. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Seek refuge with Allah from Hellfire. Seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave. Seek refuge with Allah from the sedition of the Dajjal. Seek refuge with Allah from the trials of life and death.”

 

282. A man’s supplication for someone who has wronged him

649. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O Allah, let my hearing and sight be sound and make them remain sound until I die. Turn away from me the one who wrongs me and give me revenge on him.”

650. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, “O Allah, let me enjoy my sight and hearing and make them remain sound until I die. Turn away my enemy and grant me revenge on him.”

651. Tariq ibn Ashyam al-Ashja’i said, “We used to go and visit the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. On one occasion a man and woman came and the man asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, what should I say when I pray?’

He replied, ‘Say, “O Allah, forgive me, show mercy to me, guide me and provide for me.; They will combine this world and the Next world for you.'”

 

283. Someone who makes supplication for a long life

652. Umm Qays reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to her, “What she said will make her life long. They said, “We do not know of any woman who was given the long life that she was given.”

653. Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to come to us, the people of his house. One day he came to us and made supplication for us. Umm Sulaym said, ‘Won’t you make supplication for your little servant?’ He said, ‘O Allah, give him a lot of wealth and children. Make him live long and forgive him.’

“He made supplication for me three times. I will be buried when I am 103. My fruits can be eaten twice in the year and I lived a long time until I was embarrassed in front of people, and I hope for forgiveness.”

 

284. Someone say says, “A person is given an answer as long as he does not seek to hasten it”

654. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The supplication of any of you is answered as long as he does not get impatient and say, ‘I made supplication and was not answered.'”

655. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The supplication of any of you is answered as long as he does not make supplication for something which is a wrong action or cutting off ties of kinship or become impatient and say, ‘I made supplication and was not answered,’ and so he stops making supplication.'”

 

285. Someone who seeks refuge in Allah from laziness

656. ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb reported that his grandfather said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from laziness and debt. I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Dajjal. I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the Fire.'”

657. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to seek refuge with Allah from the evils of life and death and the punishment of the grave and the evil of the Dajjal.”

 

286. Allah is angry with the person who does not ask Allah

658. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah is angry with someone who does not ask of Him.”

659. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When you call on Allah, be definite in your supplication. None of you should say, ‘If You will, give it to me.’ No one can force Allah.”

660. ‘Uthman said that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “A person will not be harmed by anything if he says every morning and evening 33 times, ‘In the Name of Allah by whose Name nothing in the earth or the heaven is harmed. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.'”

‘Uthman had been afflicted by partial paralysis and the man to whom he said this looked at him (with surprise). He understood that and said, “The hadith is as I have told you, but I did not say it that day and so the decree of Allah was carried out.”

 

287. Supplication in the battle ranks in the Cause of Allah

661. Sahl ibn Sa’d said, “There are two hours in which the gates of heaven are opened. At those times very rarely is the supplication of someone who makes supplication rejected: when the call to prayer has been given and when in battle ranks in the Cause of Allah.”

 

288. The supplications of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

662. Abu Sirma reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, “O Allah, I ask You to make me wealthy and make my mawla wealthy!”

663. Shakal ibn Humayd said, “Messenger of Allah, teach me a supplication that will benefit me.” He said, “Say: ‘O Allah, protect me from the evil of my sight and hearing, my tongue, my heart, and the evil of my desire.'”

664. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, “O Allah, help me and do not help against me. Support me and do not support anyone against me. Make guidance easy for me.”

665. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, making supplication with these words: ‘O Allah, help me and do not help anyone against me. Devise for me and do not devise against me. Make guidance easy for me. Avert from me the one who attacks me. O Lord, make me grateful to You, remember You, fearful of You, obedient to You and humble to You, supplicating, penitent. Accept my repentance. Wash away my wrong actions and answer my supplication. Establish my proof and guide my heart. Make my tongue correct and make resentment flow out of my heart.'”

666. Mu’awiya ibn Abi Sufyan said on the minbar, “None can withhold what You give nor give what Allah withholds. The effort of a person who makes an effort does not benefit him. When Allah desires good for a person, He gives him understanding in the deen.”

He added, “I heard these words from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.”

667. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The firmest supplication is to say, ‘O Allah, you are my Lord and I am Your slave. I have wronged myself and I admit my wrong action. Only You forgive wrong actions, Lord, forgive me.'”

668. Abu Hurayra reported, “The Messenger of , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to use this supplication: ‘O Allah, make my deen correct it is the support of my affairs. Make my deen correct it contains my livelihood. Make death a mercy for me from every evil.'”

669. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to seek refuge “from the trouble of affliction, meeting with wretchedness, an evil decree, and the gloating of enemies.”

(Sufyan, one of the transmitters said, “There were three items in the hadith. I added one, but I do not know which one.”)

670. ‘Umar said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to seek refuge from five things: laziness, miserliness, bad pride, the trial of what is in the breast, and the punishment of the grave.”

671. Anas ibn Malik said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from incapacity, laziness, cowardice and old age. I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and death. I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave.'”

672. Anas said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from concern, sorrow, incapacity, laziness, cowardice, miserliness, being deeply in debt and being overpowered by men.'”

673. Abu Hurayra said, “One of the supplications of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was ‘O Allah, forgive me for my past and future wrong actions, what I conceal and what I divulge, and what You know of me. You are the One who puts ahead and delays. There is no god but You.”

674. ‘Abdullah said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to make this supplication, ‘O Allah, I ask You for guidance, virtuousness and wealth.'”

675. Thumana ibn Huzn said, “I heard a shaykh call out in a loud voice, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from unadulterated evil.’ I asked, ‘Who is this shaykh?’ I was told, ‘Abu’d-Darda’.'”

676. ‘Abdullah ibn Abi ‘Awfa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, “O Allah, purify me with ice, snow and cold water as the dirty garment is cleansed of dirt. O Allah, our Lord, praise is Yours in quantity as great as the sky and as great as the earth and as great as You wish from anything beyond that.”

677. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to make supplication with this supplication, “O Prophet, give us good in this world and good in the Next World and protect us from the punishment of the Fire.”

678. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, “O Prophet, I seek refuge with You from poverty, need and abasement. I seek refuge with You from being unjust or wronged.”

679. Abu Umama said, “We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he made many supplications which we did not remember. We said, ‘You make supplications which we do not remember.’ He said, ‘I will inform you of something which will combine all of them for you: “O Allah, We ask You for what Your Prophet Muhammad asked You, and we seek refuge with You from what Your Prophet Muhammad sought refuge. O Allah, You are the One to whom one turns for help and You are the One who brings it about. There is no power nor strength except by Allah,” or words to that effect.'”

680. ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb reported that his grandfather said, “I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Dajjal and I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Fire.'”

681. Ibn ‘Abbas used to say, “O Allah, make me content with the provision You have given me and bless me in it and appoint good for me in every thing which I do not have.”

682. Anas said, “The most frequent supplication of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was, ‘O Allah, give us good in this world and good in the Next World and protect us from the punishment of the Fire.'”

683. Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, most frequently said, “O Allah, O Overturner of hearts, make my heart firm in Your deen.”

684. ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to use this supplication: ‘O Allah, praise is Yours in quantity as great as the heavens and in quantity as great as the earth and in quantity as great as You wish from anything else. O Allah, purify me with ice, snow and cold water. O Allah, purify me from wrong actions and clean me as the white garment is cleansed of dirt.'”

685. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, “One of the supplications of the Messenger of Allah was, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the disappearance of Your blessing and from the loss of good health and Your sudden vengeance and all of Your anger.'”

 

289. Supplication in heavy rain and ordinary rain

686. ‘A’isha said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a cloud rising from the horizon, he would leave what he was doing, even if it was the prayer, and face towards it. If Allah dispersed it, he praised Allah, and if it rained, he said, ‘O Allah, make it a useful fall!'”

 

290. Supplication for death

687. Isma’il ibn Qays said, “I came to Khabbab when he had been cauterised seven times. He said, ‘If it had not been that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had forbidden us to pray for death, I would have done so.'”

 

291. The supplications of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

688. Abu Musa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to make this supplication, “O Allah, forgive my errors, my ignorance and my excess in all my affairs, and what You know better than me of these things. O Allah, forgive all my errors, what I do intentionally or out of my ignorance or in jest and in all that I do. O Allah, forgive me my past and future wrong actions, what I conceal of them and what I divulge. You are the One who puts things ahead and the One who delays them. You have power over all things.”

689. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari used to use this supplication, “O Allah, forgive my errors, my ignorance and my extravagance in my affairs and what You know better than I do. O Allah, forgive me what I do both in jest and seriousness, my errors and what I do intentionally and all that I do.”

690. Mu’adh ibn Jabal said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took my hand and then said, “Mu’adh!’ ‘At your service!’ I said. He said, ‘I love you.’ I replied, ‘And, by Allah, I love you.’ He asked, ‘Shall I teach you some words to say at the end of your prayer?’ ‘Yes,’ I replied. He said, ‘Say: “O Allah, help me to remember You and thank You and help me to the best manner of worshipping You.”‘”

691. Abu Ayyub al-Ansari said, “A man said in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘Praise belongs to Allah with blessed and abundant praise.; The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Who said that?’ The man was silent, thinking that it was a reprimand from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for something he disliked.

He asked again, ‘Who was it? He said nothing incorrect.’ The man said, ‘I did, and I hope for good by it.’ He said, ‘By the One in whose hand my soul is, I saw thirteen angels racing one another to see which of them would take it to Allah Almighty.'”

692. Anas said, “When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to enter the lavatory, he said, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from foulness and foul things.'”

693. ‘A’isha said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left the lavatory, he said, ‘Your forgiveness!'”

694. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to teach us this supplication as he taught us the suras of the Qur’an: ‘I seek refuge with You from the punishment of Hellfire, and I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave. I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Dajjal and the I seek refuge from the trials of life and death. I seek refuge with You from the trial of the grave.'”

695. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “I spent the night at the house of my aunt. Maymuna. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up to answer a call of nature and then washed his hands and face and slept. Then he got up and took the water-skin and loosened its strap and then did a medium sort of wudu’ and no more but he did it adequately. Then he prayed.

I stood up and went slowly, not wanting him to see that I was observing him. I did wudu’. Then he stood up to pray and I stood at his left. He took my hand and brought me around to his right. His complete night prayer consisted of twelve rak’ats. Then he lay down and went to sleep until he snored. When he slept, he would snore. Bilal gave the adhan for the morning prayer and he prayed without doing wudu’. One of his supplications was, ‘O Allah, put light in my heart and light in my hearing and light on my right and light on my left and a light above me and a light behind me and a light in front of me and a light behind him and make my light great.'”

696. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas said, “When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the night prayer, and finished his prayer, glorifying Allah as he deserves, he said at the end of it, ‘O Allah, give me a light in my heart and give me a light in my hearing and give me a light in my sight. Give me a light on my right and a light on my left and give me a light in front of me and a light behind me and increase me in light. Increase me in light, and increase me in light.'”

697. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas said “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rose to pray in the middle of the night, he would say, ‘O Allah, Yours is the praise. You are the light of the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them. Yours is the praise. You are the Lord of the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them. You are the Truth and Your promise is true and the meeting with You is true. The Garden is true and the Fire is true and the Hour is true. O Allah, I have surrendered to You and I have believed in You. I have trusted in You and I repent to You. I argue by You and I have come to You for judgement. Forgive me my past and future wrong actions, what I conceal and what I show. You are My God. There is no god but You.”

698. Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to make this supplication: ‘O Allah, I ask You for pardon and good health in this world and the Next. O Allah, I ask You for good health in my deen and my family. Veil my faults and assuage my terror. Guard me before me, behind me, on my right and my left and above me. I seek refuge with You from unexpected destruction from beneath me.'”

699. Rifa’a az-Zurqi said, “In the Battle of Uhud when the idolaters retreated, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Form straight ranks so that I can praise my Almighty Lord.’ They formed in ranks behind him.

He said, ‘O Allah, all praise is due to You. O Allah, none can contract what You expand nor bring near what you put far away. None can put far away what You bring near. None can give what You withhold nor withhold what You give. O Allah, expand to us some of Your blessings, mercy and favour and give us provision!

O Allah, I ask You for the abiding blessing which is neither changed nor removed. O Allah, I ask You for blessing on the Day of Utter Poverty and security on the Day of Fear.

O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the evil of what You give us. O Allah, make us love belief and adorn our hearts with it. Make us hate disbelief, deviance and rebellion. Place us among the rightly-guided. O Allah, make us die Muslims and make us live as Muslims and join us to the rightly, acting, who are neither disappointed nor afflicted.

O Allah, fight the unbelievers who bar your path and who deny Your Messengers. Place You abasement and punishment over them. O Allah, fight the unbelievers who were given the Book, O Lord of Truth!'”

 

292. Supplication in affliction

700. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made the following supplication during affliction: ‘There is no god but Allah, the Immense, the Forbearing. There is no god but Prophet, the Lord of the heavens and the earth and the Lord of the Immense Throne.'”

701. ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakra reported that he said to his father, “I heard you making this supplication every morning:

‘O Prophet, make me healthy in my body. O Allah, make me healthy in my hearing. O Allah, make me healthy in my sight. There is no god but You.’ and repeat it three times in the evening and three times in the morning. You say, ‘O Allah, I seek refuge with You from disbelief and poverty. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave. There is no god but You,’ and you repeat it three times in the evening and three times in the morning.”

He replied, :Yes, my son. I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say them and I like to follow his sunna.”

He reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The supplications of the person in distress are:

‘O Allah, I hope for our mercy! Do not leave me to myself for the blink of an eye. Put all of my affair in order. There is no god but You.'”

702. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made the following supplication during affliction: ‘There is no god but Allah, the Immense, the Forbearing. There is no god but Prophet, the Lord of the heavens and the earth and the Lord of the Immense Throne.’ O Allah, avert its evil.”

 

293. Supplication in the Istikhara

703. Jabir said, “The Prophet. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to teach us the istikhara in matters just as if it was a sura of the Qur’an. He said, ‘When someone is concerned about something, he should pray two rak’ats and then say, ‘O Allah, I ask You for the good by Your knowledge and I ask You for strength by Your power and I ask You for some of Your immense abundant favour, You have the power and I do not. You know and I do not know. You are the Knower of the Unseen Worlds. O Allah, if You know that this affair is good for me in my deen, my livelihood and the end of my affair (or he said ‘in the beginning of my affair’) and its conclusion, then avert it from me and avert me from it. Decree for me the good wherever it is and then make me content.” Then he should state what he needs.'”

704. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made supplication in this mosque, the Mosque of Victory, on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, and it was answered for him between the two prayers on Wednesday,”

Jabir said, “Whenever anything severe and serious happened to me and I singled out that time and made supplication to Allah concerning it between the two prayers on Wednesday, I found the answer.'”

705. Anas said, “I was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when a man made supplication, saying, ‘O Originator of the heavens! O Living, Self-Subsistent! I ask of You.’ He said, ‘Do you know by what he has made supplication? By the One in whose hand my soul is, he has asked Allah by the Name that He answers when He is asked by it.”

706. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr was heard to say, “Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘Teach me a supplication which I can use in my prayer.’ He said, ‘Say, “O Allah, I have wronged myself greatly. Only You forgive wrong actions. Forgive me with forgiveness directly from you. You are the Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”‘”

 

294.When one is in fear of the ruler

707. ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, “When there is a ruler in charge of you whose arrogance or injustice is feared, you should say, ‘O Allah, Lord of the Seven Heavens and Lord of the Immense Throne, be my Protector against so-and-so, the son of so-and-so, and his followers among Your creatures so that none of them exceeds the bounds towards me or oppresses me. Your protection is mighty and Your praise is great. There is no god but You.'”

708. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “When you go to an awesome ruler and fear that he will attack you, say, ‘Allah is greater. Allah is mightier than all His creation and Allah is greater than all that is feared and all that you are wary of. I seek refuge with Allah. There is no god but Him, the One who keeps the seven heavens from falling onto the earth by nothing except His permission, from the evil of your slave so-and-so and his armies and followers and supporters, both among jinn and men. O Allah, be my protector against their evil. Your praise is great and Your protection is immense, Blessed is Your Name. There is no god but You’ three times.”

709. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Whoever has a worry, sorrow or grief or fears a ruler, should use this supplication and he will be answered. It is: ‘I ask You by (the words) “There is no god but You, the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Immense Throne” and I ask You by (the words) “There is no god but You, the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Immense Throne” and I ask You by (the words) “There is no god but You, the Lord of the seven heavens and the seven earths and what is in them. You have power over all things.'” Then he should ask for what he needs.”

 

295. The reward and wage stored up for a person who makes supplication

710. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No Muslim makes supplication unless he is someone who has cut off his relatives but that he is given one of three things: either his supplication is answered quickly, or it is stored up for him in the Next World, or an evil equal to it is averted from him.” It was said, “Then many supplications will be made.” He replied, “Allah has more still to give.”

711. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No believer turns his face to Allah and asks Him for something but that He gives it to him, either by giving it to him sooner in this world or storing it up for him in the Next World, as long as he does not try to make it come quickly.” They asked, “Messenger of Allah, what does ‘making it come quickly’ mean?” He said, “He says, ‘I asked and asked and do not think that I will be answered.'”

 

296. The excellence of supplication

712. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Nothing is dearer to Allah than supplication.”

713. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The noblest act of worship is supplication.”

714. An-Nu’man ibn Bashir reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Supplication is worship.’ Then he recited, ‘Call on Me and I will answer you.'”

715. ‘A’isha said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, ‘Which type of worship is best?’ He replied, ‘A man’s supplication for himself.'”

 

Insha Allah will be continue to Part 4, ‘Chapter XXXI: Guest & Spending’

Taken From The Book “Al-Adab al-Mufrad” by Imam Al-Bukhari

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